CESR-Schaeffer Working Paper Series

Titus Galama, Andrei Munteau, Kevin Thom, Intergenerational Persistence in the Effects of Compulsory Schooling in the U.S., Paper No. 2024-001


CESR-Schaeffer Working Paper Series

Sjoerd van Alten, Benjamin W. Domingue, Jessica Faul, Titus Galama, Andries T. Marees, GWAS 2.0 – Correcting for volunteer bias in GWAS uncovers novel genetic variants and increases heritability estimates, Paper No. 2023-001

Sjoerd van Alten, Benjamin W. Domingue, Jessica Faul, Titus Galama, Andries T. Marees, Should representativeness be avoided? Reweighting the UK Biobank corrects for pervasive selection bias due to volunteering, Paper No. 2023-002

Leandro Carvalho, Dan Silverman, Complexity and Sophistication, Paper No. 2023-003


Eleanor Jawon Choi, Jisoo Hwang, Hyelim Son, The Effects of Exposure to a Large-Scale Recession on Higher Education and Early Labor Market Outcomes, Paper No. 2023-005

Jeffrey Yu, Association between Heart Valve Replacement Surgery and the Incidence of Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias (ADRDs) in Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis: Exploratory Results from a Medicare Claims Analysis, Paper No. 2023-006

Italo Lopez Garcia, Jill E . Luoto, Frances E. Aboud, Lia C.H. Fernald, Group Meetings and Boosters to Sustain Early Impacts on Child Development: Experimental Evidence from Kenya, Paper No. 2023-007

Yuxuan Wang, Jenny Wilkens, Drystan Phillips, Harmonization of Cross-National Studies of Aging and Retriement Study User Guide: Physical and Anthropometric Measurement, Paper No. 2023-008

Joshua Snoke, Erik Meijer, Drystan Phillips, Jenny Wilkens, Jinkook Lee, LASI Synthetic Data Report, Paper No. 2023-009

Albert Weerman, Danish Jain, Leveraging Machine Learning to Assist Clinicians with Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) Scores in Online Dementia Diagnosis, Paper No. 2023-010

Arie Kapteyn, Francisco Perez-Arce, Job Loss During the Pandemic: How the Safety Net Mitigated Adverse Well-being Effects, Paper No.2023-011


CESR Reports

Soeren Mattke, Otelo Corrêa dos Santos Filho, and Mo Wang, Implications of an Alzheimer's treatment for organization and payment of medical practices in Brazil, Technical Report, September 2022. 

CESR-Schaeffer Working Paper Series

Codi Young, Youngha Oh, Sandy Chien, Peifeng Hu, Harmonization of Cross-National Studies of Aging to the Health and Retirement Study, Paper No. 2022-001.

Pietro Biroli, Titus Galama, Stephanie von Hinke, Hans van Kippersluis, Cornelius A. Rietveld, Kevin Thom, The Economics and Econometrics of Gene-Environment Interplay, Paper No. 2022-002.

Mallory Montgomery, Reversing the gender gap in happiness, Paper No. 2022-003

Titus Galama, Hans van Kippersluis, Human Capital Formation: The Importance of Endogenous Longevity, Paper No. 2022-004.

Coen van de Kraats, Titus Galama, Maarten Lindeboom, Why life gets better after age 50, for some:  mental well-being and the social norm of work, Paper No. 2022-005

Jacqui Smith, Lindsay Ryan, Yoobin Park, Alexandra Crosswell, Drystan Phillips and Jinkook Lee, Harmonization of Cross-National Studies of Aging to the Health and Retirement Study, Paper No. 2022-006

Titus Galama, Hans van Kippersluis, Economic Theories of Health Inequality Across the Life Course, Paper No. 2022-007

Zeewan Lee, Alice Chen, Lost in Complexity? The Impacts of Health Insurance Literacy on ACAInduced Retirement, Paper No. 2022-008


CESR Reports

Soeren Mattke, Mo Wang, Andreas Ullrich, Implications of Alzheimer's Treatment for Organization and Payment of Medical Practices in Canada, Technical Report, June 2021. 

Hankyung Jun, Sang Kyu Cho, Joanne Yoong, Oliver Yuen, Soeren Mattke, Assessing the Preparedness of the Taiwanese Healthcare System Infrastructure of an Alzheimer's Treatment, Technical Report, March 2021. Infographic.

Anna Rosefsky Saavedra, Amie Rapaport, Kari Lock Morgan, Marshall Garland, Ying Liu, Alyssa Hu, Danial Hoepfner, Shira Korn Haderline Knowledge in Action Efficacy Study Over Two Years.  Technical Report, February 2021.  Appendices.

CESR-Schaeffer Working Paper Series

Alice J. Chen, Elizabeth L. Munnich, Stephen T. Parente, Michael R. Richards, Provider turf wars and Medicare payment rules, Paper No. 2021-001.

Morgan S. Polikoff, Daniel Silver, Marshall Garland, Anna R. Saavedra, Amie Rapaport, Michael Fienberg, The Impact of a Messaging Intervention on Parents' School Hesitancy During Covid-19, Paper No. 2021-002.

Brian Finley, Adriaan Kalwij, Arie Kapteyn, "Born to be wild: Second-to-fourth digit length ratio and risk preferences", Paper No. 2021-004


CESR Reports

Hankyung Jun, Sang Kyu Cho, Joanne Yoong, Soeren Mattke, Assessing the Preparedness of the Korean Healthcare System Infrastructure for an Alzheimer’s Treatment, Technical Report, November 2020.  Infographic  Report Appendix

Soeren Mattke, Andreas Ullrich, and Mo Wang, Implications of Alzheimer's Treatment for Organization and Payment of Medical Practices in the EU-5 Countries,Technical Report, July 2020.

Soeren Mattke, and Mo Wang, Implications of Alzheimer's Treatment for Organization and Payment of Medical Practices in the United States,Technical Report, July 2020.

CESR-Schaeffer Working Paper Series

Margaret Gatz, Jill E. Darling, Relationship Between Populist Sentiment and Misperceptions in the 2016 Election for U.S. President, Paper No. 2020-001.

Richard E. Chard, Jill Darling, Matthew Mussel, David Rogofsky, Kristi Scott, Perceptions of society’s view of the power and status of population subgroups: A quantitative application of Schneider and Ingram’s social construction theory, Paper No. 2020-002. 

Gema Zamarro and Maria J. Prados, Gender Differences in Couples’ Division of Childcare, Work and Mental Health During COVID-19, Paper No. 2020-003.

Jinkook Lee, Erik Meijer, Drystan Phillips, Peifeng Hu, Disability Incidence Rates for Men and Women in 23 Countries: Evidence on Health Effects of Gender Inequality, Paper No. 2020-004.

Maria J. Prados, Francisco Perez-Arce, The Decline in the U.S. Labor Force Participation Rate: A Literature Review, Paper No. 2020-005.

Daniel J. Benjamin, Mark Alan Fontana, Miles Kimball, Reconsidering Risk Aversion, Paper No. 2020-006.


CESR Reports

Soeren Mattke, Jakub P. Hlávka, Joanne Yoong, Mo Wang, Rei Goto, Assessing the Preparedness of the Japanese Health Care System Infrastructure for an Alzheimer's Treatment, Report No. 2019-101.

Infographic  Report Appendix 

Japanese Report Japanese Report Appendix

CESR-Schaeffer Working Paper Series

Brian Tysinger, Seth Seabury, Henu Zhao, Gwyn Pauley, Yifan Wei, Dana Goldman, Trends in Mortality, Morbidity and Healthcare Utilization: Does it Make Sense to Use Healthcare as a Proxy for Health?, Paper No. 2019-001.

Dan Benjamin, Kristen Cooper, Ori Heffetz, Miles Kimball, Self-Reported Wellbeing Indicators are a Valuable Complement to Traditional Economic Indicators but Aren't Yet Ready to Compete with Them, Paper No. 2019-002.

Anya Samek, Andre Gray, Ashlesha Datar, Nancy Nicosia, Adolescent Time and Risk Preferences: Measurement, Determinants and Field Consequences, Paper No. 2019-003.

Marco Angrisani, Arie Kapteyn, Erik Meijer, Htay-Wah Saw, Sampling and weighting the Understanding America Study, Paper No. 2019-004.

Francisco Perez-Arce, Lila Rabinovich, Joanne Yoong, Laith Alattar, "Three Little Words? The Impact of Social Security Terminology, Paper No. 2019-005.

Daniel J. Benjamin, David Laibson, Walter Mischel, Philip K. Peake, Yuichi Shoda, Alexandra Steiny Wellsjo, Nicole L. Wilson,Predicting mid-life capital formation with pre-school delay of gratification and life-course measures of self-regulation, Paper No. 2019-006.


CESR-Schaeffer Working Paper Series

Silvia H. Barcellos, Leandro S. Carvalho, and Patrick Turley, Distributional Effects of Education on Health, Paper No. 2018-002.

James Banks, Leandro S. Carvalho, and Francisco Perez-Arce, Education, Decision-making, and Economic Rationality, Paper No. 2018-003


CESR Reports

Marco Angrisani, Sujeong Park, Peifeng Hu, Jinkook Lee, Harmonization of Cross-National Studies of Aging to the Health and Retirement Study – User Guide: Health Care Utilization and Expenditure, Report No. 2017-001.

CESR-Schaeffer Working Paper Series

Robynn Cox, Seva Rodnyansky, Benjamin Henwood, Suzanne Wenzel, Measuring Population Estimates of Housing Insecurity in the United States: A Comprehensive Approach, Paper No. 2017-012

Titus Galama, Adriana Lleras-Muney, Hans van Kippersluis, The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence, Paper No. 2017-011

Titus Galama, Robson Morgan, Juan E Saavedra, Wealthier, Happier and More Self-Sufficient: When Anti-Poverty Programs Improve Economic and Subjective Wellbeing at a Reduced Cost to Taxpayers, Paper No. 2017-010.

David Reiley, Anya Samek, Round Giving: A Field Experiment on Suggested Charitable Donation Amounts in Public Television, Paper No. 2017-009.

Daniel J. Benjamin, Don A. Moore, Matthew Rabin, Biased Beliefs about Random Samples: Evidence from Two Integrated Experiments Paper No. 2017-008.

Sally Sadoff, Anya Samek, The Effect of Recipient Contribution Requirements on Support for Social Programs, Paper No. 2017-007.

Adriaan Kalwij, The Effects of Competition Outcomes on Health: Evidence from the Lifespans of U.S. Olympic Medalists, Paper No. 2017-006.

Robynn Cox, Jamein P. Cunningham, Financing the War on Drugs: The Impact of Law Enforcement Grants on Racial Disparities in Drug Arrests, Paper No. 2017-005.

Pilar García-Gómez, Titus J. Galama, Eddy van Doorslaer, Ángel López-Nicolás, "Interactions between Financial Incentives and Health in the Early Retirement Decision, Paper No. 2017-004.

Uri Gneezy, Holger Rau, Anya Samek, Lilia Zhurakhovska, Do I Care If You Are Paid? A Field Experiment on Charitable Donations, Paper No. 2017-003.

Anya Samek, The Association Between Personality Traits and Voting in the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election, Paper No. 2017-002.

Chien-Yu Lai, John A. List, Anya Samek, How Do Informational Prompts Affect Choices in the School Lunchroom? Paper No. 2017-001.


CESR Reports

Ashish Sachdeva, Dawoon Jung, Marco Angrisani, Jinkook Lee, "Harmonization of Cross-National Studies of Aging to the Health and Retirement Study – User Guide: Household Expenditure," Report No. 2016-002.

CESR-Schaeffer Working Paper Series

Jorge Luis Garcia, James J. Heckman, Duncan Ermini Leaf, Maria Jose Prados, "The Life-cycle Benefits of an Influential Early Childhood Program," Paper No. 2016-018.

Jonathan P. Beauchamp, Daniel J. Benjamin, Christopher F. Chabris, David I. Laibson, "Controlling for the Compromise Effect Debiases Estimates of Risk Preference Parameters," Paper No. 2016-017.

Peifeng Hu, Serena Wang, Jinkook Lee, "Socioeconomic Gradients of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in China and India: Results from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study and Longitudinal Aging Study in India," Paper No. 2016-016.

Marco Angrisani, Vincenzo Atella, Marianna Brunetti, "Public Health Insurance and Household Portfolio Choices: Unraveling Financial 'Side Effects' of Medicare," Paper No. 2016-015.

Albert Cheng, Gema Zamarro, Bart Orriens, "Personality as a Predictor of Unit Nonresponse in Panel Data: An Analysis of an Internet-Based Survey," Paper No. 2016-014.

Robynn Cox, Benjamin Henwood, Suzanne Wenzel, Eric Rice, "Roadmap to a Unified Measure of Housing Insecurity," Paper No. 2016-013 (revised Jan 2013).

Lila Rabinovich, Janice Peterson, Barbara Smith, Tania Gutsche, Mallory Montgomery, "Preparing for Retirement, Social Security Literacy and Information Preferences Among Hispanics: A Qualitative Study," Paper No. 2016-012.

Gema Zamarro, Albert Cheng, M. Danish Shakeel, Collin Hitt, "Comparing and Validating Measures of Character Skills: Findings from a Nationally Representative Sample," Paper No. 2016-011.

Marco D. Huesch, JTruls Østbye, J. Lloyd Michener, "The Affordable Care Act, State Policies and Demand for Primary Care Physicians," Paper No. 2016-010.

Urvashi Jain, Joohong Min, Jinkook Lee, "Harmonization of Cross-National Studies of Aging to the Health and Retirement Study – User Guide: Family Transfer – Informal Care," Paper No. 2016-008.

Anya Samek, "Gifts and Goals: Behavioral Nudges to Improve Child Food Choice at School," Paper No. 2016-007.

Jared Rubin, Anya Samek, Roman M. Sheremeta, "Incentivizing Quantity and Quality of Output: An Experimental Investigation of the Quantity-Quality Trade-off," Paper No. 2016-006.

Hale Koc, Hans van Kippersluis, "Thought for Food: Understanding Educational Disparities in Diet," Paper No. 2016-005.

Chih-Sheng Hsieh, Hans van Kippersluis, "Smoking Initiation: Peers and Personality," Paper No. 2016-004

M.J. Bayarri, Daniel J. Benjamin, James O. Berger, Thomas M. Sellke, "Rejection Odds and Rejection Ratios: A Proposal for Statistical Practice in Testing Hypotheses," Paper No. 2016-002.

Jonathan P. Beauchamp, Daniel J. Benjamin, Christopher F. Chabris, David Laibson, "Controlling for Compromise Effects Debiases Estimates of Preference Parameters," Paper No. 2016-001.

CESR Media

Dan Benjamin, "National Advisory Council on Aging - September 2016" (starts at 2:26:45).


Norma B. Coe, Gema Zamarro, "How Does Retirement Impact Health Behaviors? An International Comparison," Paper No. 2015-033.

Norma B. Coe, Gema Zamarro, "Does Retirement Impact Health Care Utilization?" Paper No. 2015-032.

David Reiley, Anya Samek, "How do Suggested Donations Affect Charitable Gifts? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Public Broadcasting," Paper No. 2015-031.

Arie Kapteyn, Saw Htay Wah, "Challenges to Small and Medium-size Businesses in Myanmar: What Are They and How Do We Know?" Paper No. 2015-030.
Data || Survey Questionnaire || STATA Do-files

Saw Htay Wah, "Do Employers In Myanmar Prefer Workers Who Accumulated Skills In More Advanced Countries? Evidence from a Field Experiment," Paper No. 2015-029 (minor revision Nov, 2016).

John A. List, Anya Samek, "A Field Experiment on the Impact of Incentives on Milk Choice in the Lunchroom," Paper No. 2015-028.

Sally Sadoff, Anya Samek, Charles Sprenger, "Dynamic Inconsistency in Food Choice: Experimental Evidence from a Food Desert," Paper No. 2015-027.

Felipe Barrera-Osorio, Leigh L. Linden, Juan Esteban Saavedra, "Medium Term Educational Consequences of Alternative Conditional Cash Transfer Designs: Experimental Evidence from Colombia," Paper No. 2015-026.

John A. List, Anya Samek, Terri Zhu, "Incentives to Eat Healthy: Evidence from a Grocery Store Field Experiment," Paper No. 2015-025.

Ania Filus, Lila Rabinovich, “The Nomenclature of Social Security Retirement Benefits – Qualitative Exploration of Alternate Terminology,” Paper No. 2015-024.

Carrie R. Houts, Melissa A. Z. Knoll, “The Financial Knowledge Scale: New Analyses, Findings, and Development of a Short Form,” Paper No. 2015-023. paper pending

Joanne Yoong, Lila Rabinovich, Saw Htay Wah, “What Do People Know About Social Security?” Paper No. 2015-022.

Lila Rabinovich, Joanne Yoong, “Learning About Social Security” Paper No. 2015-021. 

Leandro Carvalho, Htay-Wah Saw, “How Americans Manage their Finances,” Paper No. 2015-020. 

Jinkook Lee, Erik Meijer, Drystan Phillips, "The Effect of Using Different Imputation Methods for Economic Variables in Aging Surveys," Paper No. 2015-019.

Catherine Rodríguez, Juan E. Saavedra, "Nudging Youth to Develop Savings Habits: Experimental Evidence Using SMS Messages," Paper No. 2015-018.

Marco Angrisani, Michael Hurd, Susann Rohwedder, "The Effect of Housing and Stock Wealth Losses on Spending in the Great Recession," Paper No. 2015-017.

Titus J. Galama, Hans van Kippersluis, "A Theory of Socioeconomic Disparities in Health Over the Life Cycle," Paper No. 2015-016.

Ildefonso Mendez, Gema Zamarro, "The Intergenerational Transmission of Noncognitive Skills and Their Effect on Education and Employment Outcomes," Paper No. 2015-015.

Robynn Cox, "The Effect of Private Sector Work Opportunities in Prison on Labor Market Outcomes of the Formerly Incarcerated," Paper No. 2015-014.

W. Bentley MacLeod, Evan Riehl, Juan E. Saavedra, Miguel Urquiola, "The Big Sort: College Reputation And Labor Market Outcomes," Paper No. 2015-013.

Marco D. Huesch, "Celebrity Influence? An Observational Study of Consumer Responses on Social Media and on an Internet Search Engine to News of Angelina Jolie’s Prophylactic Mastectomies," Paper No. 2015-012.

Marco D. Huesch, Jason N. Doctor, Aram Galstyan, "Using Online Social Media and Social Networks as a Public Health Intervention," Paper No. 2015-011.

Marco D. Huesch, Michael K. Ong, Gregg C. Fonarow, "Medicare Hospital Outcome Measures and Unrelated Socioeconomic and Clinical Factors," Paper No. 2015-010.

Marco D. Huesch, Michael K. Ong, Barak D. Richman, "Could Data Broker Information Threaten Physician Prescribing and Professional Behavior?" Paper No. 2015-009.

Marco D. Huesch, Robert J. Szczerba, "Designing a Serious Game to Map the ‘Process Genome’ of Hospitals," Paper No. 2015-008.

Marco D. Huesch, Pamela S. Douglas, "Impact of Cardiac Cath Lab Organization on Process and Outcome Quality: A Case Study," Paper No. 2015-007.

Marco D. Huesch, Richard L. Brady, "Should Past Recipients of a Kidney Be Allowed To Have Another? Surveys of Preferences of Individuals with and without End Stage Renal Disease," Paper No. 2015-006.

Joel W. Hay, "Cost Effectiveness Analysis With and Without Stochastic Uncertainty," Paper No. 2015-005.

Titus J. Galama, "A Contribution to Health-Capital Theory," Paper No. 2015-004.

Luisa R. Blanco, Emma Aguila, Arturo Gongora, Beverly Weidmer, O. Kenrik Duru, "Retirement Planning Among Middle-Aged and Older Hispanics," Paper No. 2015-003.

Stefania Albanesi, Claudia Olivetti, María José Prados, "Gender and Dynamic Agency: Theory and Evidence on the Compensation of Top Executives," Paper No. 2015-002.

Titus J. Galama, Hans van Kippersluis, "A Theory of Education and Health," Paper No. 2015-001.


Erik Meijer, Laura Spierdijk, Tom Wansbeek, "Consistent Estimation of Linear Panel Data Models with Measurement Error," Paper No. 2014-008.

Jinkook Lee, Mark E. McGovern, David E. Bloom, P. Arokiasamy, Arun Risbud, Varsha Kale, Jennifer O’Brien, Peifeng Hu, "Education, Gender, and State-Level Gradients in the Health of Older Indians: Evidence from Biomarker Data," Paper No. 2014-007.

Lila Rabinovich, Stephanie Diepeveen, "The Design of Conditional Cash Transfers: Experiences from Argentina’s Universal Child Allowance," Paper No. 2014-006.

Étienne Gaudette, "Health Care Demand and Impact of Policies in a Congested Public System," Paper No. 2014-005.

Maria Björnsdotter Dahlin, Arie Kapteyn, Caroline Tassot, "Who are the Joneses?" Paper No. 2014-004.

Silvia Helena Barcellos, Mireille Jacobson, "The Effects of Medicare on Medical Expenditure Risk and Financial Strain," Paper No. 2014-003.

Manel Baucells, Silvia Bellezza, "Temporal Profiles of Instant Utility during Anticipation and Recall," Paper No. 2014-002.

Gema Zamarro, John Engberg, Juan Esteban Saavedra, Jennifer Steele, "Disentangling Disadvantage: Can We Distinguish Good Teaching from Classroom Composition?" Paper No. 2014-001.


Ashlesha Datar, Michael Gottfried, "School Entry Age and Children’s Social-Behavioral Skills: Evidence from a National Longitudinal Study of US Kindergartners," Paper No. 2013-013.

Ashlesha Datar, Nancy Nicosia, Victoria Shier, "Maternal Work and Children’s Diet, Activity, and Obesity," Paper No. 2013-012.

Tunga Kantarci, Arthur van Soest, "Stated Preference Analysis of Full and Partial Retirement in the United States," Paper No. 2013-011.

Tunga Kantarci, "The Effects of Partial Retirement on Health," Paper No. 2013-010.

Tunga Kantarci, "Factors Limiting the Opportunities for Partial Retirement," Paper No. 2013-009.

Tania L. Gutsche, Bas Weerman, "Panel Management Techniques for High Intensity Surveys," Paper No. 2013-008.

Juan Esteban Saavedra, Sandra Garcia, "Educational Impacts and Cost Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs in Developing Countries: A Meta-analysis," Paper No. 2013-007.

Laura Hospido, Gema Zamarro, "Retirement Patterns of Couples in Europe," Paper No. 2013-006.

Arie Kapteyn, Jinkook Lee, Caroline Tassot, Hanka Vonkova, Gema Zamarro, "Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being," Paper No. 2013-005.

Jeffrey R. Brown, Arie Kapteyn, Erzo F. P. Luttmer, Olivia S. Mitchell, "Decision Complexity as a Barrier to Annuitization," Paper No. 2013-004.

Tania L. Gutsche, Arie Kapteyn, Erik Meijer, Bas Weerman, "The RAND Continuous 2012 Presidential Election Poll," Paper No. 2013-003.

Titus J. Galama, Hans van Kippersluis, "Health Inequalities through the Lens of Health Capital Theory: Issues, Solutions, and Future Directions," Paper No. 2013-002.

Hans van Kippersluis, Titus J. Galama, "Wealth and Health Behavior: Testing the Concept of a Health Cost," Paper No. 2013-001-Rev1.

All papers are also available at SSRN's CESR-Schaeffer Research Paper Series.