The work of CESR International Development researchers is widely published, including as peer reviewed papers, working papers, policy reports, news articles, and blogposts. We aim to publish our findings from all our work so we can share our insights and inform policy. 

Our publications include:



Barrera-Osorio, F., Linden, L. L., & Saavedra, J. E. (2019). Medium- and Long-Term Educational Consequences of Alternative Conditional Cash Transfer Designs: Experimental Evidence from Colombia. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 11(3), 54–91.


Márquez‐Padilla, F., Pérez‐Arce, F., & Rodríguez‐Castelán, C. (2019). Moving to safety and staying in school: The effects of violence on enrollment decisions in Mexico. Review of Development Economics, 23(4), 1624–1658.


Rodríguez, C., & Saavedra, J. E. (2019). The persistent effects of youth savings reminders: Experimental evidence from text-message campaigns in Colombia. Journal of Development Economics, 139, 135–156.


Saavedra, J. E., Näslund-Hadley, E., & Alfonso, M. (2019). Remedial Inquiry-Based Science Education: Experimental Evidence from Peru. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 41(4), 483–509.


Kugler, A., Kugler, M., Saavedra, J., & Prada, L. O. H. (2015). Long-Term Educational Consequences of Vocational Training in Colombia: Impacts on Young Trainees and Their Relatives (Working Paper No. w21607). National Bureau of Economic Research. Conditionally accepted, Journal of Human Resources


García, S., & Saavedra, J. E. (2017). Educational Impacts and Cost-Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs in Developing Countries: A Meta-Analysis. 45. Review of Educational Research, 87(5): 921-965.


MacLeod, W. B., Riehl, E., Saavedra, J. E., & Urquiola, M. (2017). The Big Sort: College Reputation and Labor Market Outcomes. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 9(3), 223–261.


Perez-Arce, F. (2017). The effect of education on time preferences. Economics of Education Review, 56, 52–64.


Carvalho, L. S., & Soares, R. R. (2016). Living on the edge: Youth entry, career and exit in drug-selling gangs. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 121, 77–98.


Johnson, L., Lee, Y., Ansong, D., Sherraden, M. S., Chowa, G., Ssewamala, F., … Saavedra, J. (2016). Youth savings patterns and performance in Colombia, Ghana, Kenya, and Nepal (CSD Fact Sheet No. 16-10). St. Louis, MO: Washington University, Center for Social Development.


Perez-Arce, F. (2015). Is a Dream Deferred a Dream Denied? College Enrollment and Time-Varying Opportunity Costs. Journal of Labor Economics, 33(1), 33–61.


University of Southern California (Saavedra, J.). (2015). Evaluation of Norwegian Multilateral Support to Basic Education: Synthesis Report. Evaluation Report. Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation report # 7/2015.


Zamarro, G., Engberg, J., Saavedra, J. E., & Steele, J. (2015). Disentangling Disadvantage: Can We Distinguish Good Teaching from Classroom Composition? Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 8(1), 84–111.


University of Southern California (Saavedra, J.). (2014). Theory of Change and Evaluation Methods. Evaluation Series of NORHED Higher Education and Research for Development,  Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation report # 4/2014.


Saavedra, J. E. (2012). Resource constraints and educational attainment in developing countries: Colombia 1945–2005. Journal of Development Economics, 99(1), 80–91.


Saavedra, A. R., & Saavedra, J. E. (2011). Do colleges cultivate critical thinking, problem solving, writing and interpersonal skills? Economics of Education Review, 30(6), 1516–1526.


Bettinger, E., Kremer, M. & Saavedra, J.E. (2010). Are Educational Vouchers Only Redistributive?*. The Economic Journal, 120: F204-F228.



Burke, J., Rabinovich, L. & Schaner, S. (2020). Understanding Impacts of Financial Services on Women's Lives: A Mixed-Methods Approach in Kenya. Final Report.


Barboni, G. … Schaner, S. (2019). A Tough Call: Understanding barriers to and impacts of women's mobile phone adoption in India. Cambridge, MA: Evidence for Policy Design, Harvard Kennedy School.


Moore, C.T., & Schaner, S. (2019). Enhancing Women’s Economic Empowerment Through Digital Cash Transfers: Analysis of the Digitize/Direct/Design Criteria Applied to the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme in Bihar, India. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Report. Cambridge, MA: Evidence for Policy Design, Harvard Kennedy School


Buehren, N., Ceretti, V., Dervisevic, E., Goldstein, M., Klapper, L., Koroknay-Palicz, T., & Schaner, S. (2018). Salary Delays and Overdrafts in Rural Ghana. AEA Papers and Proceedings, 108, 449–452.


Schaner, S. (2018). The Persistent Power of Behavioral Change: Long-Run Impacts of Temporary Savings Subsidies for the Poor. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 10(3), 67–100.


Wah, S. H. (2018). Do employers in Myanmar prefer workers who accumulated skills in more advanced countries? Evidence from a field experiment. IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 8(1), 1.


Aguila, E., Kapteyn, A., & Perez-Arce, F. (2017). Consumption Smoothing and Frequency of Benefit Payments of Cash Transfer Programs. American Economic Review, 107(5), 430–435.


MacLeod, W. B., Riehl, E., Saavedra, J. E., & Urquiola, M. (2017). The Big Sort: College Reputation and Labor Market Outcomes. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 9(3), 223–261.


Schaner, S. (2017). The Cost of Convenience?: Transaction Costs, Bargaining Power, and Savings Account Use in Kenya. Journal of Human Resources, 52(4), 919–945.


Carvalho, L. S., Prina, S., & Sydnor, J. (2016). The effect of saving on risk attitudes and intertemporal choices. Journal of Development Economics, 120, 41–52.


Kapteyn, A., & Wah, S. H. (2016). Challenges to small and medium-size businesses in Myanmar: What are they and how do we know? Journal of Asian Economics, 47, 1–22.


Schaner, S., & Das, S. (2016). Female Labor Force Participation in Asia: Indonesia Country Study. ADB Economics Working Paper Series, No. 474.


Schaner, S. (2015). Do Opposites Detract? Intrahousehold Preference Heterogeneity and Inefficient Strategic Savings. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 7(2), 135–174.



Bennett, D., & Yin, W. (2019). The Market for High-Quality Medicine: Retail Chain Entry and Drug Quality in India. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 101(1), 76–90.


Chen, C., Cervero Liceras, F., Flasche, S., Sidharta, S., Yoong, J., Sundaram, N., & Jit, M. (2019). Effect and cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination: A global modelling analysis. The Lancet Global Health, 7(1), e58–e67.


Chen, C., Kempson, E., Park, D., & Yoong, J. (2019). Gender and Old-Age Economic Security. In P. K. Hong, G. L. Gan, & M. Yap (Eds.), Ageing in Asia: Contemporary Trends and Policy Issues (Vol. 1, pp. 95–123). World Scientific Press.


Hewage, S. S., Wu, S., Neelakantan, N., & Yoong, J. (2019). Systematic review of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions to improve clinical diabetes outcome measures in women with a history of GDM. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, S240545771930484X.


Png, M. E., Yoong, J., Ong, C. W. M., Fisher, D., & Bagdasarian, N. (2019). A screening strategy for latent tuberculosis in healthcare workers: Cost-effectiveness and budget impact of universal versus targeted screening. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 40(3), 341–349.


Yue, M., Dickens, B. L., Yoong, J. S., I-Cheng Chen, M., Teerawattananon, Y., & Cook, A. R. (2019). Cost-Effectiveness Analysis for Influenza Vaccination Coverage and Timing in Tropical and Subtropical Climate Settings: A Modeling Study. Value in Health, 22(12), 1345–1354.


Bennett, D., Naqvi, A., & Schmidt, W. (2018). Learning, Hygiene and Traditional Medicine. The Economic Journal, 128(612), F545–F574.


Carvalho, N., Jit, M., Cox, S., Yoong, J., & Hutubessy, R. C. W. (2018). Capturing Budget Impact Considerations Within Economic Evaluations: A Systematic Review of Economic Evaluations of Rotavirus Vaccine in Low- and Middle-Income Countries and a Proposed Assessment Framework. PharmacoEconomics, 36(1), 79–90.


Pang, T., Wong, J. E.-L., Chong, Y. S., Yoong, J., & Legido-Quigley, H. (2018). Third Raffles Dialogue on Human Wellbeing and Security: A marathon, not a sprint. The Lancet, 392(10165), 2664–2665.


Sidharta, S. D., Yin, J. D.-C., Yoong, J. S.-Y., & Khan, M. S. (2018). High use of private providers for first healthcare seeking by drug-resistant tuberculosis patients: A cross-sectional study in Yangon, Myanmar. BMC Health Services Research, 18(1), 276.


Angelucci, M., & Bennett, D. (2017). Assortative Matching under Asymmetric Information: Evidence from Malawi. American Economic Review, 107(5), 154–157.


Hutchison, C., Khan, M. S., Yoong, J., Lin, X., & Coker, R. J. (2017). Financial barriers and coping strategies: A qualitative study of accessing multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and tuberculosis care in Yunnan, China. BMC Public Health, 17(1), 221.


James, R., Khim, K., Boudarene, L., Yoong, J., Phalla, C., Saint, S., Koeut, P., Mao, T. E., Coker, R., & Khan, M. S. (2017). Tuberculosis active case finding in Cambodia: A pragmatic, cost-effectiveness comparison of three implementation models. BMC Infectious Diseases, 17(1), 580.


Khan, M S, Ning, Y., Jinou, C., Hutchison, C., Yoong, J., Lin, X., & Coker, R. J. (2017). Are global tuberculosis control targets overlooking an essential indicator? Prolonged delays to diagnosis despite high case detection rates in Yunnan, China. Health Policy and Planning, 32(suppl_2), ii15–ii21.


Khan, Mishal S, Hutchison, C., Coker, R. J., Yoong, J., Hane, K. M., Innes, A. L., Khaing, T. M., & Aung, S. (2017). Preventing emergence of drug resistant tuberculosis in Myanmar’s transitioning health system. Health Policy and Planning, 32(suppl_2), ii43–ii50.


Khan, Mishal S, Schwanke-Khilji, S., Yoong, J., Tun, Z. M., Watson, S., & Coker, R. J. (2017). Large funding inflows, limited local capacity and emerging disease control priorities: A situational assessment of tuberculosis control in Myanmar. Health Policy and Planning, 32(suppl_2), ii22–ii31.


Pang, T., Legido-Quigley, H., Yoong, J. S.-Y., Chong, Y. S., Yeoh, K. G., Koh, D. R., Mahbubani, K., & Wong, J. E.-L. (2017). Second Raffles Dialogue on Human Well-Being and Security. The Lancet, 390(10105), e27–e28.


Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Koh, J. J. K., Reinert, M. G., Chuah, F. L. H., Yoong, J. S.-Y., Cervero-Liceras, F., Haldane, V., Ong, S. E., Chia, K. S., & Legido-Quigley, H. (2017). Singapore’s Role and Contribution in Health Globally: A Qualitative Study Exploring Perspectives of Global Health Actors in Southeast Asia. Asian Journal of Public Affairs, 10(1).


Sundaram, N., Chen, C., Yoong, J., Luvsan, M.-E., Fox, K., Sarankhuu, A., La Vincente, S., & Jit, M. (2017). Cost-effectiveness of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in Mongolia. Vaccine, 35(7), 1055–1063.


Sundaram, N., James, R., Sreynimol, U., Linda, P., Yoong, J., Saly, S., Koeut, P., Eang, M. T., Coker, R., & Khan, M. S. (2017). A strong TB programme embedded in a developing primary healthcare system is a lose-lose situation: Insights from patient and community perspectives in Cambodia. Health Policy and Planning, 32(suppl_2), ii32–ii42.


Khan, M., Yoong, J., Tun, Z. M., & Coker, R. (2016). Implementing health policy and systems research in Myanmar. The Lancet, 387(10020), 749–750.


Khan, Mishal S., Guan, B. Y., Audimulam, J., Cervero Liceras, F., Coker, R. J., & Yoong, J. (2016). Economic interventions to improve population health: A scoping study of systematic reviews. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 528.


Baranov, V., Bennett, D., & Kohler, H.-P. (2015). The indirect impact of antiretroviral therapy: Mortality risk, mental health, and HIV-negative labor supply. Journal of Health Economics, 44, 195–211.


Bennett, D., Asjad Naqvi, S. A., & Schmidt, W.-P. (2015). Constraints on Compliance and the Impact of Health Information in Rural Pakistan: Constraints on Compliance with Health Messages in Rural Pakistan. Health Economics, 24(9), 1065–1081.


Bennett, D., Chiang, C.-F., & Malani, A. (2015). Learning during a crisis: The SARS epidemic in Taiwan. Journal of Development Economics, 112, 1–18.


Bennett, D., Hung, C.-L., & Lauderdale, T.-L. (2015). Health Care Competition and Antibiotic Use in Taiwan: Health Care Competition and Antibiotic Use in Taiwan. The Journal of Industrial Economics, 63(2), 371–393.


Cohen, J., Dupas, P., & Schaner, S. (2015). Price Subsidies, Diagnostic Tests, and Targeting of Malaria Treatment: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial. American Economic Review, 105(2), 609–645.


Jit, M., Hutubessy, R., Png, M. E., Sundaram, N., Audimulam, J., Salim, S., & Yoong, J. (2015). The broader economic impact of vaccination: Reviewing and appraising the strength of evidence. BMC Medicine, 13(1), 209.


Tan, A., Yoong, J., Kasim, J., Ciccone, G., Sng, J., & Tambyah, P. (2015). Is Measles IgG Testing for Healthcare Providers Cost-Effective? Results from Seroprevalence Studies of Healthcare Providers in a Tertiary Public Hospital with a Large Foreign-Born Workforce. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 36(12), 1468-1471.


Moore, M., Anthony, C. R., Lim, Y. W., Jones, S. S., Overton, A., & Yoong, J. K. (2014). The Future of Health Care in the Kurdistan Region - Iraq: Toward an Effective, High-Quality System with an Emphasis on Primary Care. Rand health quarterly, 4(2), 1.


Tarozzi, A., Mahajan, A., Blackburn, B., Kopf, D., Krishnan, L., & Yoong, J. (2014). Micro-Loans, Insecticide-Treated Bednets, and Malaria: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Orissa, India. American Economic Review, 104(7), 1909–1941.


Burger, N. E., Kopf, D., Spreng, C. P., Yoong, J., & Sood, N. (2012). Healthy Firms: Constraints to Growth among Private Health Sector Facilities in Ghana and Kenya. PLoS ONE, 7(2), e27885.


Foo, P. K., Tarozzi, A., Mahajan, A., Yoong, J., Krishnan, L., Kopf, D., & Blackburn, B. G. (2011). High prevalence of Wuchereria bancrofti infection as detected by immunochromatographic card testing in five districts of Orissa, India, previously considered to be non-endemic. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 105(2), 109–114.


Montagu, D., Yamey, G., Visconti, A., Harding, A., & Yoong, J. (2011). Where Do Poor Women in Developing Countries Give Birth? A Multi-Country Analysis of Demographic and Health Survey Data. PLoS ONE, 6(2), e17155.


Sood, N., Burger, N., Yoong, J., Kopf, D., & Spreng, C. (2011). Firm-Level Perspectives on Public Sector Engagement with Private Healthcare Providers: Survey Evidence from Ghana and Kenya. PLoS ONE, 6(11), e27194.


Yoong, J., Burger, N., Spreng, C., & Sood, N. (2010). Private Sector Participation and Health System Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS ONE, 5(10), e13243.


Tarozzi, A., Mahajan, A., Yoong, J., & Blackburn, B. (2009). Commitment Mechanisms and Compliance with Health-Protecting Behavior: Preliminary Evidence from Orissa, India. American Economic Review, 99(2), 231–235. 



Bernhardt, A., Field, E., Pande, R., Rigol, N., Schaner, S., & Troyer-Moore, C. (2018). Male Social Status and Women’s Work. AEA Papers and Proceedings, 108, 363–367.


Aguila, E., Kapteyn, A., & Perez-Arce, F. (2017). Consumption Smoothing and Frequency of Benefit Payments of Cash Transfer ProgramsAmerican Economic Review107(5), 430–435.


García, S., & Saavedra, J. E. (2017). Educational Impacts and Cost-Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs in Developing Countries: A Meta-Analysis. Review of Educational Research, 87(5), 921–965.


Barcellos, S. H., Carvalho, L. S., & Lleras-Muney, A. (2014). Child Gender and Parental Investments In India: Are Boys and Girls Treated Differently? American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 6(1), 157–189.


Bennett, D. (2012). Does Clean Water Make You Dirty?: Water Supply and Sanitation in the Philippines. Journal of Human Resources, 47(1), 146–173.


Carvalho, L. (2012). Childhood Circumstances and the Intergenerational Transmission of Socioeconomic Status. Demography, 49(3), 913–938.



Aguila, E., Kapteyn, A., & Smith, J. P. (2015). Effects of income supplementation on health of the poor elderly: The case of Mexico. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(1), 70–75.


Aguila, E., Kapteyn, A., & Tassot, C. (2017). Designing cash transfer programs for an older population: The Mexican case. The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 9, 111–121.